Las multinacionales del agua embotellada están aumentando exponencialmente su presencia, sobre todo, en los países desarrollados de todo el mundo, haciéndonos creer que su producto es mucho mejor que el líquido que sale directamente de las cañerías.
Las cifras hablan por sí solas. Según denuncian los activistas canadienses Maude Barlow y Tony Clarke en su famoso libro ‘Blue Gold: The Battle Against Corporate Theft of the World’s Water’ (‘Oro azul: la lucha contra el robo corporativo del agua del mundo’), en la década de los 70 el volumen anual de agua embotellada que se comercializaba en todo el mundo no superaba los 1.000 millones de litros, mientras que en la siguiente década el consumo se duplicó. Ya en el año 2000, las ventas anuales ascendieron a más de 84.000 millones de litros y los pronósticos del portal Statista indican que en 2017 se consumirán 391.000 millones de litros de agua embotellada.
¿Qué países lideran el consumo de agua embotellada?
Según un informe preparado por la Beverage Marketing Corporation, México fue el país con mayor consumo per cápita de agua embotellada en 2014 y se calcula que cada mexicano toma alrededor de 264 litros de agua envasada al año. El segundo mayor consumidor de agua en este formato es Tailandia (246 litros anuales por persona), seguido por Italia, con 196 litros anuales per cápita.
Otros lugares que sienten cierta ‘debilidad’ por el agua envasada son: Luxemburgo (148 litros anuales por persona), Alemania (143,8 litros anuales por persona), Emiratos Árabes Unidos (141 litros anuales por persona), Francia (138 litros anuales por persona), EE.UU. (121 litros anuales por persona) y España (120,7 litros anuales por persona).
¿Por qué nos empeñamos en comprar agua envasada?
En este ámbito, el diseño publicitario resulta primordial, ya que las compañías están tratando de vender algo que, en realidad, tenemos gratis. Las campañas de publicidad del agua suelen ofrecer imágenes de una persona sana y guapa haciendo deporte al aire libre y bebiendo agua envasada o alguien famoso bañándose en un río. Al mismo tiempo, usan lemas tipo ‘vive joven’, ‘9 de cada 10 médicos lo recomiendan’ o ‘conozca la verdadera pureza’, lo que hace que el producto sea más atractivo para el consumo. ¿Pero será tan pura el agua embotellada en realidad como prometen las multinacionales?
Razones por las que es mejor no comprar agua envasada
Al contrario de lo que promete la industria embotelladora de agua, solo una pequeña parte del agua envasada proviene de manantiales o fuentes de agua subterránea: una parte considerable de su producto corre del grifo. La compañía Pepsi admitió hace un año que su agua envasada Aquafina no es agua mineral, sino la que corre del grifo. ¿Se habrán parado alguna vez a pensar cuánto cuesta potabilizar cerca de 1.000 litros de agua? Alrededor de un euro, el precio que nos cobran por una botella de agua ‘pura’. Se trata de un precio abusivo que, además, conlleva un alto coste ambiental.
Tan solo esta semana se ha pronunciado al respecto el coordinador del Departamento de Economía del Agua del Instituto IMDEA Agua y consultor internacional de las Naciones Unidas, Gonzalo Delacámara, quien ha alertado sobre el hecho de que el precio de agua envasada en España es mil veces mejor que la del grifo. En el marco de la presentación del Foro de la Economía del Agua que se celebrará el próximo viernes en Madrid (España), Delacámara opinó que, a pesar de la similitud de las propiedades del agua embotellada y la del grifo, “se confunden prioridades” porque se considera que este recurso es “universal, barato y de calidad”.
Por si fuera poco pagar por algo esencialmente gratis, muchas investigaciones han puesto al descubierto que el agua embotellada puede contener sustancias químicas. Por ejemplo, investigadores de la Universidad de Sevilla y del Centro Nacional de Aceleradores realizaron un análisis de 32 marcas de agua mineral y llegaron a la conclusión que las concentraciones de polonio radiactivo en algunas muestras superaban en más de 100 veces al encontrado en el agua del grifo, aunque siempre por debajo de valores de riesgo para la salud.
A pesar de que las empresas embotelladoras utilizan un tipo de plástico libre de BPA (bisfenol-A), considerado menos tóxico, esto no nos libra de que otros compuestos químicos pueden filtrarse al agua. Además, algunos científicos afirman que, si se reutilizan las botellas de plástico una y otra vez, el bisfenol-A acabará desprendiéndose en el agua.
Con el fin de tener una opción más saludable, ahorrar dinero y preservar el medioambiente, existen muchas alternativas al agua embotellada, como usar filtros que mejoran la calidad o, simplemente, dejar reposar el agua en una jarra de vidrio durante una hora.
Two other types of winter weather wholesale jerseys china
conditions are sleet and freezing rain. Sleet occurs when raindrops freeze solid into pellets of ice that fall to the Earth, bouncing as they make contact with the ground. Freezing rain is a much more serious weather condition as it can bring down tree branches and power lines and turn roads into slick icy surfaces. Freezing rain falls as regular rain but when it falls onto a surface where the temperatures are below freezing, it causes the liquid rain to become ice wherever it lands.Hi, I’m Walt Case, I own Card Cheap china Jerseys
Traders of Austin in Austin, Texas. A lot of people in the industry today are looking to find out how do they price their cards. Specific question, how do I price football cards? A publication called Beckett is the primary source for determining the relative value of any of your sports cards. Beckett produces a football card price guide that is published bi monthly and will list the key cards in any of the sets that you may have. Remember that the price of a card is determined by its demand and its condition. If you have a card that is all bent up or written on, the price you’re going to get for that card is next to nothing. If you have a card that has been kept in pristine condition and the demand is very high, you can expect to get a higher dollar amount for that card. Pricing the cards is a relative thing. You look in the guide, you see the range of prices that the card may be selling for across the country, but remember the card price, the card value is only what someone is willing to pay for it.True, the pound has fallen by about 10 per cent since the referendum vote of June 23. But Wholesale China Jerseys
despite what the BBC’s blood curdling reports from the City might say about that, a 2.25 billion tranche of Government debt issued last week by the Bank of England met what the FT described as ‘the strongest investor demand in six years’.7) San Francisco 49ers: Reggie Ragland LB, Alabama Jared Goff would seem like the logical choice, but I still think Colin Kaepernick will be on the 49ers roster when the season begins so there won’t be a need to Retro Jordan 1
select a quarterback here. This seems like a bit of a reach but I think Ragland and NaVorro Bowman will compliment each other.Lehmann seemed to take particular umbrage at questions about whether he would consider having CA’s spin coach John Davison with the team more regularly given Nathan Lyon’s outstanding performance in South Africa’s second innings while the mentor was in Adelaide. The Australian team does not have a full Cheap china Jerseys
time travelling spin coach on its staff.
gold edges up despite firm dollarI think most of the population of Leicester, of many and all backgrounds, proud as they rightly are of their teams and their cheap ray bans
town, might trade all that in for a return to the days when no one much had heard or cared about Leicester, they were permanently in a football relegation zone, but the economy wasn’t, and at least there were some decent (free) state grammar schools, some civic pride and you could get a job. Another member of the Blue Army remarked as they strolled down Raw Dykes Way, on the way to that emotionally draining draw with West Ham the other day, “the city’s on the up”. I hope so. About time, anyway.”Even if we get a Cheap Jerseys from china
heads up that a player’s going to be on the field,” Bell says, “what becomes important for a fantasy [football] owner is how effective will that player be. If [he’s] coming off a hamstring injury, can you really expect him to run full speed, and how risky is it that a player would injure himself again?”High schools and colleges have already largely abandoned Indian names and mascots. The NCAA in 2005 banned any college with “hostile or abusive mascots, nicknames or imagery” from hosting championship competitions. Most universities had by then eliminated Indian references altogether cheap football jerseys
anyway. The Stanford University Indians became the Cardinal in 1973, for example. Sports teams at the Miami University of Ohio were actually called the Redskins but became the Redhawks http://www.cheapjordan13.com
in 1998. The University of North Dakota dropped the name Fighting Sioux after voters in a 2012 state referendum decidedly rejected it.Firstly, think about your limitations, as to the things you can create. Can you sketch? If not, can you sketch enough to let him kind of understand what you’re trying to convey? It would do great, if you can manage just that much. Alright! So if sketching or painting are out of your league, then what about making something using computer aided technology? I’m sure you can do that? It doesn’t need much of an effort, just a bit of imagination.MLA style is simpler and more to the point than other styles of citation; it features short in text citations linked to an alphabetical listing of sources in the end papers, making it easy for those researching the supporting material. For example, if the speaker’s last name is Crowe: is easy to use (Crowe).Another important element in spreading conspiracy theories is to raise questions, in which much dot connecting is implied, and let the viewers or listeners draw their own conclusions. “Loose Change” gives the viewer the feeling that he and the narrator are on a collective Fake Oakleys
search for answers, and that bond engenders trust.
Something Goff quickly learned about being a leader: It comes easy when you’re winning. He had to learn how to lead as the losses piled up. For what is the destination without the journey? A great match can happen without a great storyline no doubt, but a great storyline without question helps make a match greater. Even better is when the storyline features elements so caked in cheap nfl jerseys shop
reality.. WD: There’s one by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie called “The Danger of the Single Story” that I watched about ten times. She says, “If you think about an individual one way, and don’t see their fullness as a person, then you’ll only get a very limited glimpse of who they are.” I thought she did an amazing job in storytelling, and it lent itself to an incredible TED talk. Massage therapy is another good investment you should consider if you are currently suffering from tight hamstrings. Every bodybuilder needs to train his or her hamstrings, but its very important that non bodybuilders take care of their legs and at least go on a walk every now and then. Touchdowns. Interceptions. It’s fascinating to measure whether football reflects, defies or leads social trends. Australia’s recent lurch towards conspicuous patriotism is mirrored in football clubs’ embrace of the Anzacs, Kokoda et al. They possess traits that can’t be coached. They help to build chemistry in the locker room. Dresses, which has quickly become one of our largest categories, continue to perform nfl jerseys cheap
well. Calvin Klein continues to be the strongest brand in this category. The most obvious immediate beneficiary of this evolving content model is Netflix (NASDAQ:NFLX), which would immediately benefit from a streamlined distribution model for rented movies. Clearly, large media http://www.cheap-jordansukshoeshopps3.com
conglomerates that create and manage content would also benefit, as would content originators like sports leagues, musicians, and entertainers. Laughter also decreases stress, improves blood cheap football jerseys
pressure, energizes organs and boosts the immune system. Fascinating research also shows that people do have the ability to control their own moods. “We’re also bringing BT Sport to a new generation of younger sports fans who view their entertainment online, through social media and on their mobile devices. We plan to make these finals the most social sports broadcast ever, with lots of exciting content in the build up and on the night across YouTube, Snapchat, Facebook, Instagram, Twitter and Vine”.. Anyone who has seen the film Las Vegas need not be told this. According to the National Health Cheap Jordans
Service, men should not exceed more than 3 to 4 units of alcohol a day and women should not exceed 2 to 3 units a day. You must maintain and extend the range of equality for women. The soup of civilized life is a nourishing stew, but it doesn’t keep bubbling on its own.
1 overall pick shakes up top 10The thing I liked best about working at Komol was Jowtee, the invisible spirit who controlled the restaurant’s destiny. I had never actually seen Jowtee but the kitchen staff swore he existed. They said he was a seven foot tall Native American Chief, a ghost from the Indian burial ground beneath the strip mall. If I didn’t feed him, pray to him, and bring him presents, something disastrous would befall the restaurant. As the only non Thai, I had to believe them. So in between seating, waiting, and busing tables I found time to keep Jowtee happy. At the booth that was reserved for him, I’d serve Jowtee imported bottled beer in a frosty mug, whole fish fried in hot sauce, and coconut ice cream for dessert. I’d bring him daily horoscopes and decks of cards from neighboring casinos. After lighting his candle, I’d close my eyes and telepathically beg him to help turn my life around and get me that cocktail waitress job at the Bellagio.She has a broad range of options, from throwing out all the lawsuits as the league wants, or allowing all of them to go forward or just some of them. At stake is not a single class action filing, in which any award would be split equally between every plaintiff, but 222 separate lawsuits that were consolidated for the purposes of the Philadelphia hearing.New Line Cinema, founded by Bob Shaye in 1967, is often referred to as The House that Freddy Built, due to the fake oakleys
breakout success of New Line poster boy Freddy Krueger. And that’s fairly surprising, because while the bulk of A Nightmare On Elm Street was solid and inventive horror, that ending was plain terrible. In case you need a refresher: After defeating Freddy, young Nancy leaves home, thinking the nightmare is at wholesale jerseys
last over. But somebody wasn’t done: Nancy’s mom suddenly transmogrifies into a budget sex doll, right before Freddy takes her from behind. That sounded dirtier than we intended.Nike outlet store We pandora bracelets stay michael kors australia in three milwaukee bucks villages where burberry uk a burberry online shop surname Zhao, coach factory outlet online this tommy hilfiger online shop has ray ban two philipp plein clothes children, big ugg australia boys, nfl saints little girls. cheap jerseys I generally ralph lauren polo boy north face with adidas shoes big Jiaozhao coach outlet fly. To avenge her lost husband and restore freedom of her people, Trac and Nhi paired up to cheap nfl jerseys china
go Bruce Lee on Han China. They raised an army of 80,000 pissed off women who proceeded to crack open a can of Vietnamese flavored whoopass on the foreign invaders, treating an army of men like a troop of boy scouts.
Yet, with all my negative feelings about Vicks actions, I still believe he should be given another chance at participating in his profession. People should be given the chance to go on and work after leaving prison. They have titanium tubing
served their time and it is time for them to go forth and be different, hopefully. Without being given these chances, millions of people would be at a distinct disadvantage and more of a burden on society.As first reported by The Hindu earlier this month, the Survey of India filed a police complaint on March 25 stating that Google’s “Mapathon 2012 activity is likely to jeopardise national security interest and violates the National Map Policy. Citizens of the country, who are ignorant of the legal consequences, are likely to violate the law of the land.”Some things, such as “rape play” and drugging/chloroform/knockout fantasies, are allowed with the explicit consent of all parties. The only exception is talking about it as something they’ve really done to someone against their will or are planning to really do. That sort of thing will get you out the door fast in most polite company, including ours. Other things are not allowed, full stop, such as age play. (That is, pretending to be a child.) There’s a theory that doing this might in fact keep pedophiles away from real children, but it’s simply not something we’re willing to deal with. Another is bestiality. We do allow some fantasy roleplays, like sex with dragons and minotaurs, because those creatures don’t exist and therefore can’t be molested in real life. titanium valves
We’re erring on titanium tubing
the side of caution trying to ensure we’re not giving someone a platform to liveblog raping their cat.”Yeah, ‘basilisks’ don’t meow.”Hey. Most people actually begin exercise programs to reduce stress, and there’s three angles I’ll talk about. Number one, breath work; number two, walking; and number three, weight training. Now, breath work has actually been made very popular by a gentleman by the name of Dr. Andrew Weil. And he has a technique that can be very, very beneficial. The Dam Keeper is what happens when two ex Pixar art directors team up to create the most adorable looking 18 minutes humanly possible. The end result is like a children’s storybook brought to life via massive amounts of LSD no wonder it’s been selected as kids’ favorite short at multiple film festivals.My dad is giving me a D dad ‘do. A dad ‘do comes from the heart. Reporter: Showing that girls who spend time with their dads grow into stronger women. Just because you’re a guy and she’s a growing young lady doesn’t mean you don’t having to to do with her.